What are the differences between Deep Web, Dark Web and Darknet?
It is important to distinguish between these three concepts: Deep Web, Dark Web and Darknet.
Leaving aside the Surface Web, also known as ClearNet, which is the most visible and accessible layer of the Internet (the part that we all know and use on a regular basis), the Deep Web consists of all that content or sites that cannot be accessed directly (not indexed by common browsers like Google, Bing or Yahoo).
The fact that the content of the Deep Web is hidden from the general public, does not necessarily imply it is illegal. In most cases, the content is hidden only for privacy reasons.
Some examples of what kind of information we can find in the Deep Web are:
- Data Bases
- Drive/Dropbox files, etc.
All you need is to know where to look for it.
On the other hand, the Dark Web could be defined as a sub-layer of the Deep Web that has been intentionally concealed. In order to reach it, specific software or tools are required as this layer consists of numerous encrypted networks, called Darknets.
There are many Darknets, but the most popular one is TOR (The Onion Router), only accessible via TOR browser.
While it is true that the darkest part of the Dark Web consists of underground websites that allow people to engage in often illegal activities such as:
- Drug Trafficking
- Child Pornography
- Arm sales
- Money laundering via cryptocurrencies
- Hire hackers
It is a mistake to assume that all content is illegal. Much of the content and data are legal, with the peculiarity that access to them is done anonymously.